Internet of Things (IoT)
The Internet of things (IoT) is the Network of Physical Devices, Vehicles, Home Appliances – and other items Embedded with Electronics, Software, Sensors and Network Connectivity which enable these objects to connect and exchange data.
Every item is uniquely identifiable through its embedded computing system and also able to inter-operate within the existing Internet infrastructure.
Experts estimate that the IoT will consist of about 30 billion objects by 2020.
Such interconnectedness offers a huge potential to Gather data – Analyze Data – provide feedback and instructions to operate optimally based on data analysis –
The IoT allows objects to be sensed or controlled remotely across existing network infrastructure, creating opportunities which result in improved efficiency, accuracy and economic benefit in addition to reduced human intervention.
IoT augmented with sensors and actuators, the technology becomes an instance of the more general class of cyber-physical systems, which also encompasses technologies such as smart grids, virtual power plants, smart homes, intelligent transportation and smart cities.
“Things”, in the IoT sense, can refer to a wide variety of devices such as heart monitoring implants, biochip transponders on farm animals, cameras streaming live feeds of wild animals in coastal waters, automobiles with built-in sensors, DNA analysis devices for environmental/food/pathogen monitoring, or field operation devices that assist firefighters in search and rescue operations. Legal scholars suggest regarding “things” as an “inextricable mixture of hardware, software, data and service”.
Recent Application falling under the category of Big Data Analytics and Internet of Things – Digital Farming – Sensor Tracking & Reporting System.